Double meaning - what is it?

Double meaning - what is it?

The word "pear" has a double meaning. © Berny / Pixelio

Basically's double meaning when one and the same word two or more meanings. However, in linguistics, these words are further subdivided because of their origin, pronunciation or spelling.

The homonym - a word with two or more completely different meanings

The word comes from the Greek word homonym from homonymos and is composed of the words homos (same) and Anonyma (name). It's as much as the same name.

  • As homonyms are called words that are pronounced the same but have completely different meanings. An example here would be the ball. This is even a game or sports equipment and even a dance event.
  • In general, this type words be written simultaneously with double meaning, unless, in which one is a noun that is capitalized, and the other is a verb or an adjective that is naturally lower case. For example, the arm as a part of the body and arm when referring to a destitute people. Another example is the Seven as a number and seven as an activity.
  • It may also happen that homonyms various product such as pine (tree) and pine (part of the face) or the control (steering wheel) and the control (submission to government).
  • Then it may still be that change both words in the plural, as the bank (Seat), which is in the plural to banks and the Bank (financial institution), which is in the plural to banks.

In the dictionary, there is in this form of double meaning, as a rule for each meaning a separate entry.

Polysemous - Words with double meaning, but the same origin

The word Polysem is composed of the Greek words poly (much) and semantos (indicative) together. Again, these are words with double meaning. In the case of Polysems the various meanings are, however, another in a relationship. This may even be the same origin, the same root word or a word derived from the other. Examples are:

  • As a current once a flow is referred to and once the electricity that flows as a flow through the cable.
  • The pear is a fruit and the bulb is called so because it has the same shape as this fruit.
  • The castle, where you can live, and the lock on the door, both in origin anything definite, where no one has so easy access.
  • The fox is a small predator. A fox is also called a coat that is made from the fur of this predator and a horse that has the same color as this predator.

In contrast to the homonyms are available in the polysemes in the dictionary under a keyword several meanings.

Homographs - same spelling, different pronunciation

Homographs are also words that have a double meaning. Here is something special that you can also recognize the importance of the word except in the context of the emphasis here. The notation in the case of homographs in both meanings same.

  • When speaking at the wedding of a long "o", one has a feeling of elation at a short "o" is married.
  • If you put in the modern emphasis on the "o", then rots something with the emphasis on the "e" is something contemporary.
  • The plural Monday has one, if one "o" stresses during installation. Report emphasizes the "a", it is called an assembly.

Homophones - same pronunciation, different spelling

Then there are the homophones. With these words with double meaning both meanings have a different spelling, but both are pronounced the same.

  • The Larch is a coniferous tree and the lark is a passerine bird.
  • Skins is the plural of fur and cases is the plural of the case.
  • The sea is a body of water and more There do not say.
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