Habanero Scoville - Find out more about the severities at Chilis

Habanero Scoville - Find out more about the severities at Chilis

Colorful chili variety of different types and severities © Helmut_Leutner / Pixelio

Scoville give clues about the chile hotness

Neither at Habanero, yet at other Chilis the content of capsaicinoids, which are responsible for the sharpness can be accurately determined and safely expressed in Scoville. This is because even chilies from the same species by different climate, location, water, - etc. and fertilizers have a different capsaicin.

  • The sharpness of chili is in Scoville units (Scoville Heat Units - SHU) measured. The man takes true sharpness from about 16 SHU. Sweet peppers which belongs to the same group of plants such as chili is not clear, since it has 0-10 SHU.
  • If you are interested in the cultivation of chili plants as well as for consumption or further processing of the fruit, you can use seeds from 0 Scoville to well over one million Scoville available.
  • The Scovilleeinheiten the "normal" Habanero is specified 100000-350000. A variety of Habanero named "Savina Habanero red" can reach values ​​of 575 000 Scoville.
  • In 2007, the variety 'Bhut Jolokia' with over one million Scoville was admitted to the Book of Records. There are finding new possible even sharper varieties grown. The particular breeder then claims to the Bhut Jolokia replace. For home gardeners, these varieties are not suitable.

How to grow a habanero plant

  • The seed procurement is not a problem. Commercially plastic bowl with usually five different chilies are offered, which are marked on the packaging. From this you can remove the seeds. On the Internet you will find it quickly and can choose from a wide range of varieties.
  • Dry the seeds for a few days, and then place it in the freezer for a week.
  • Sow the seeds from mid-February in growing soil, and prick out the seedlings - if they are about 3-4 inches high - in individual pots. When in May no more frost is expected, the plants can outside.
  • A Habanero plant is only up to 120 cm high and can therefore be easily pulled in large containers.
  • In the same way you can other chile cultivars of various degrees of severity breed.

To handle different fruits Scoville units

  • Habanero can, just like any other chili plants already have chilling injury at temperatures of about 5 ° C. You should therefore harvest in each case before, or make bucket with cold in the house.
  • Strung on a durable string you can chillies now hang in the kitchen. While it dry for weeks, they also fulfill a decorative purpose.
  • You can add chopped habanero and other chilies on a baking sheet and dry in the oven at 60 ° C. The oven door holding a wooden spoon slightly ajar so that moisture can escape.
  • Dried chillies can be ground with suitable food processors, and then used for seasoning. Depending on the variety and Scoville unit, the powder can be very sharp. Measure out the flavor your food in any case very carefully.
  • A sharp spice paste, you can produce by creating a paste of onion, garlic, tomato paste and ev. A small amount of vegetable broth. Then enter very finely chopped fresh chilli so long to until the desired severity level is reached.
  • Fill the hot crowd in hot rinsed glasses. Use the smallest possible glasses so that the content can be consumed as soon as possible after opening. A designer label is attached to the glass a nice gift for a barbecue.
  • Residues in the glass, you can fill up with oil and store in the refrigerator.

Capsaicin consists in cutting Chili firmly to the skin and under the fingernails. Touching the face or eye cause pain and tears. Therefore Wear disposable gloves when cutting always clean and all used tools with plenty of hot water.

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