Operant conditioning - examples simply explained

Operant conditioning - examples simply explained


Learned through conditioning. © meyertobi / Pixelio


In operant conditioning procedures be rewarded or punished, thus increasing the likelihood that a particular behavior occurs again changed.

Operate conditioning - principles

  • In operant conditioning it comes to influence behavior. It is an act that shows an animal or a child, associated with a specific sequence. Examples can be found for example in the training of animals.
  • For if a practice has something a result, what the person seems positive, it will exhibit this behavior more often. Is the consequence but rather uncomfortable, then this action occurs less frequently in the future.
  • In contrast to classical conditioning - at first a certain reaction is provoked and trying also to produce this reaction else - is a naturally occurring behavior at the beginning of operant conditioning. In the beginning, so no interference occurs.
  • Examples of such acts naturally occurring are some specific steps that will make a horse to the beginning of a dressage training alone or the pulse of a dog to play with a ball.

Examples of the conditioning

  • In the training of animals, there are many examples of operant conditioning. If you want to about your dog jumping through a hoop, then you will surely keep the tire from the animal and wait. The dog will now show different reactions, perhaps he nibbles on the tire touches it with his paw or pull it. All these reactions increase (ie reward) but you do not.
  • Instead, wait until the dog jumps through hoops, and only then praise or reward him with a treat. So the dog learns to by operant conditioning that a jump through the hoop has a pleasant consequence (praise and food), but that, all other things he does with the tires no particular consequence. Your dog will jump more so now in anticipation of the feed through the hoop.
  • The operant conditioning in animals but can also occur unintentionally, examples can be found in the development of food preferences. Many pets eat only certain foods or take the offered not know if it has not been refined in a special way.
  • The reason for this is often that you have initially given to the animal a normal diet and if it has not eaten this matter have something else added. Some holders had their pet also offered several varieties and then given him over and over again what it apparently preferred.
  • So the animals have learned through operant conditioning that it is better not to eat less good tasting food, because then offer master or mistress after a while something better. So the animals take then later only very specific food and other refuse.
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